Neo-Darwinian theory about evolution

magnetic field

Post in Turing Church group on Facebook on 24th March, 2019

Well you know I have just had an epiphany of sorts. I have just realized what is responsible for all the paranormal phenomena that we experience in our 'real' world. It is the probability waves of quantum mechanics. They are responsible for the DNA Phantom Effect, Luc Montagnier's DNA waves and water, Rein's Psi activity in the DNA, mirror neurons, Sheldrake's morphogenic resonance, mental telepathy, the sense of being stared at, animals that know when their owner is coming home, birds and fish that can migrate from one part of the world to another, the group activity of bees and fish and termites and ants, the phenomenal animal magnetism of individuals in the past like Mesmer, Aleister Crowley and many cult leaders like Charles Manson and David Koresh. It's all about the probability waves of quantum mechanics surfacing in our macroscopic world as a 'force field'. Everything that science currently cannot explain is due to this force field which is the probability waves of quantum mechanics surfacing in our macroscopic world. And the ultimate message in all of this is - things ain't what they appear to be.

Post in Turing Church on Facebook on 25th March, 2019

So why would paranormal phenomena like animal magnetism, Sheldrake’s morphogenic resonance, birds being able to ‘see’ the earth’s magnetic field while migrating, mental telepathy at great distance etc be due to quantum probability waves surfacing as a ‘force field’ in the macroscopic world? Well the fact is nobody knows what magnetic field lines actually are. A magnet is created when all the electrons in a metal align in a certain direction and then it has a positive and a negative pole. And then you do the iron filings trick and you find there are magnetic field lines. And that’s about the extent of their knowledge. And we are told that the Earth has a magnetic field. So does this mean that all the electrons in the Earth are aligned in a certain direction? I don’t think so. So the Earth’s magnetic field is a complete mystery. And yet scientists attempt to explain a whole slew of extraordinary capabilities of animals fish and birds in terms of the Earth’s magnetic field. Essentially they are explaining minor mysteries by appealing to a major mystery. We do know that magnetism has to do with electrons which are quantum particles, whence I derive the theory that the Earth’s magnetic field is a ‘force field’ created by quantum probability waves operating in the macroscopic world. If a scientist in the macroscopic world makes an ‘observation’ to explain mental telepathy at a distance for example, the measuring machine will give a ‘result’ representing what ‘probably’ occurred.

Post in Turing Church on Facebook on 26th March, 2019.

Well here’s the thing. In last weeks New Scientist there was an article – Our Brains might sense the Earth’s magnetic field just like birds do. “Joseph Kirschvink at the California Institute of Technology in the US and colleagues found that altering the directions of nearby magnetic fields caused temporary changes in human brain activity. While sitting still in a dark room, participants’ brain activity was recorded using electroencephalography (EEG), while electromagnetic coils were used to create magnetic fields. The experiment mimicked the magnetic field changes we are subject to when we move about in the real world, says Kirschvink. The direction and intensity of Earth’s magnetic field varies by geographical location. For example, at the magnetic north pole, one of two poles where the magnetic field is the strongest, the direction of the field points vertically downwards, into the ground. In the wider northern hemisphere, this vertical angle changes but the magnetic field is always skewed downwards – meaning that when you hold a compass horizontally, the end pointing north is slightly pulled down. The south-pointing end of some compasses in the northern hemisphere are weighted to compensate for the pull. When the team exposed people to a downward-pointing magnetic field, they saw changes in brain wave patterns when they rotated the field horizontally in a counterclockwise direction . The team measured alpha waves – present when we are awake but relaxed and with closed eyes – before and after a 100 millisecond change in magnetic field, and found a drop in amplitude in the waves in some people following the rotation. But no participants showed brain changes when the magnetic field was rotated clockwise, a finding the researchers can’t explain. Rotating an upwards-pointing magnetic field didn’t cause a change either, which the team speculates may be because the participants’ brains were attuned to the magnetic field of the northern hemisphere, where they conducted the study.”

So the takeaway from all this is if you are an Arctic tern that makes a return trip of around 44,000 miles from pole to pole each year, flying between its breeding grounds in Greenland in the north and the Weddell Sea on the shores of Antarctica in the far south you are in someway smarter than humans cos when you cross the Equator your brain waves change and tells you how to navigate to The Weddell Sea. Actually the takeaway in all this is that our brain waves and the ‘force field’ that is the Earth’s magnetic field are correlated. In fact they are a unified force field composed of the probability waves of quantum mechanics. This is the Theory of Everything. As viewed from the north pole star Polaris, Earth turns counter clockwise. Umm.

Our Brains might sense the Earth's magnetic field just like birds do

Post in Quantum Computing on Facebook on 27th March, 2019

So let’s see what a probability wave to simulate navigation by means of magnetic field lines would look like. We’ll leave aside the question how the arctic tern evolved an instinct to take its summer vacation in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. We’ll leave the answer to that question to really smart people like Richard Dawkins with his random genetic mutations. What we’ll do is the ‘rocket science’ involved in navigating from Greenland to the Weddell Sea and back by means of the Earth’s magnetic field. The magnetic north pole is in north Canada about 900 miles from Greenland. The Weddell Sea is the South Atlantic Ocean and the magnetic south pole is located on the other side of Antarctica about 900 miles away. Let us assume a magnetic core with the electrons aligned running thru the Earth. For the Arctic tern to set out in Greenland with a compass on its back the needle of that compass would be pointing at the North Pole in Canada 900 miles away. It has an ‘instinct’ to fly at say a 10⁰ angle to the Earth’s magnetic field lines to get to the Weddell Sea. Let us assume it would take 40 days if it flew directly to the Weddell Sea flying night and day. That’s 40 revolutions of the Earth on its geographical axis. That’s 40 times the core magnetic field of the Earth has rotated. Viewed from the side the core magnetic field of the Earth would look like two cones touching at the apex. In order to actually fly directly to the Weddell Sea the tern would have to be constantly changing its flight path in order to maintain its instinctive 10⁰ angle to the core magnetic field. Meanwhile the compass on its back has not deviated from pointing at the magnetic north pole. I don’t believe any human being could do the math. If a computer did the math and showed the flight path in a 3-D graph it would look like a corkscrew with 40 revolutions with wide amplitudes of turns at both ends and narrowing in the middle. The math would be even more complicated than what the NASA people do to do a moon landing. And this is a bird brain that’s doing all that math. In fact their flight paths are a 1000 more times complicated than that. They drift all over the place to take advantage of prevailing winds. And they take pit stops. I don’t believe the most powerful computer in the world could actually do the math to compute their flight path on the fly – maybe in the future a quantum computer could do it. This is why I say birds navigating by means of magnetic field lines is what ‘probably’ happens. In fact these terns are drawn towards the Weddell Sea by some sort of supraphysical ‘force field’ which can only be the probability waves of quantum mechanics actually computed by a quantum computer.

earths magnetic field


Post in Quantum Computing on Facebook on 27th March, 2019

Again I'm criticized for off-topic post. With the greatest respect to yourselves and Feynman I am going to rephrase his original question that actually started all this talk about quantum computers. Feynman asked the following question: can a classical, universal computer simulate any physical system, like the migration of a flock of birds? And in particular, what about quantum systems, like migrating birds navigating using the Earth's magnetic field? Well I presented to you the hypothetical flightpath of a single arctic tern navigating using the Earth's magnetic field. In a real physical system there could be hundreds of them. They are all accelerating and decelerating due to weather conditions and prevailing winds. They are flying in a curve so they involve double differentiations over time of Riemann's 3-D curvature equations. To perfectly simulate the system the differentiations should be over every interval of Planck time. In order to simulate the Earth's magnetic field you would have to simulate the magnetic core thru the Earth with all the electrons aligned only then would you have a precise simulation of the magnetic field lines. This is ridiculous you will say. We will never build a quantum computer that can do this. This is all more complex than Einstein's Field Equations. Yet all these migrating birds with all their little birdbrains solve these equations all the time on the fly. Maybe if you want to build a quantum computer that answers Feynman in the positive - you should build a birdbrain!?

bird brain technologies

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interstitium new organ

Post in Quantum Computing on Facebook on 20th March, 2019 

Newly-Discovered Human ‘Organ’: Could This be How Cancer Spreads? 

<A newfound organ, the interstitium, is seen here beneath the top layer of skin, but is also in tissue layers lining the gut, lungs, blood vessels, and muscles. The organ is a body-wide network of interconnected, fluid-filled compartments supported by a meshwork of strong, flexible proteins.>

<The field has long known that more than half the fluid in the body resides within cells, and about a seventh inside the heart, blood vessels, lymph nodes, and lymph vessels. The remaining fluid is "interstitial," and the current study is the first to define the interstitium as an organ in its own right, and as one of the largest of the body, say the authors.>

That's right. There is a whole new organ throughout the whole body and brain and the only reason why it is there is to enable cancer cells to spread. I'll tell you why it's there. It is there to enable light signals to spread. It is an optical pathway throughout the entire body. And the fluid in this interstitium is just pure water. The light travels thru this interstitium like a vast network of optic fiber. It's all about light. Nothing but light. Light, Light, Light, Light. Forget about these qubits. They're a dead end.

Newly-Discovered Human ‘Organ’: Could This be How Cancer Spreads?

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 21st March, 2019

Well I've been criticized for posting 'off-topic' so I'll keep my mouth shut in the future. I just want to make one last point. The mere fact that that there is light (biophotons) in biological living systems means that there is a semiconductor emitting spectral lines of atoms. These biophotons are signals for intra & intercellular communication of information which means that the semiconductor is a quantum computer. So the definition of a quantum computer is a semiconductor that emits spectral lines of atoms in the course of processing, communicating and storing information. Anything else is simply not a quantum computer especially anything that can be simulated by a conventional computer. Feynman asked the following question: can a classical, universal computer simulate any physical system? And in particular, what about quantum systems? And the answer is yes. As long as you build a computer on the same principles of the quantum computer that actually operates in biological living systems - namely a semiconductor at room temperature that processes and emits information as spectral lines of atoms. Amen. Over and out.



An article in New Scientist has announced that they can attach DNA to carbon dots (quantum dots) and then spray it onto plants using an ordinary plant mister containing water and these nanoparticles bound to the DNA. The DNA, which codes for a fluorescent protein, got into cells in the plants’ leaves, prompting them to glow green under UV light. The scientists who did this have no idea how this works. I suspect that it is the fact that they shone UV light on the nanoparticles is what caused the DNA in the plant to mutate and incorporate the carbon dots.  See Schrodinger's Quantum Theory of Mutation above.

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quantum computer image


Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 13th March, 2019

<Well I had a eureka moment last night just like Archimedes (and this by the way is why AI will never surpass human intelligence; they can't sleep and dream; machines have no unconscious mind) I had a dream about these strange triangle shapes that were differentiating each other up to 10 times. Woke up and couldn't make head nor tail of it. Got to thinking about it and realized they were <BRA KET> Dirac formalism and they were performing QM matrix calculations on themselves. I realized that a quantum computer performs complex QM linear algebra and matrix math to solve Schrodinger's multi-particle time dependent wave equation at the speed of light. We gotta do away with all thought of binary numbers. Think solitons with geometric phase that represent Heisenberg Dirac Pauli matrices that are manipulated by holonomic quantum gates that may or may not use Boolean algebra to do complex calculus - differentiation integrals Fourier transforms etc. But wait - there's more. A quantum computer can also solve Einstein's time dependent field equations using 4x4 matrices that represent space-time vectors and Christoffel symbols. Eventually quantum computers will be able to simulate the universe. So the bottom line is forget about all this binary qubit stuff. Think linear algebra and matrix math and in the short term start thinking how you could make a quantum computer that will perform all the basic operations of MATLAB at the speed of light.>

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 15th March, 2019
The problem with science is that the knowledge is so compartmentalized. You've got experts in photonics and QM who know nothing about optogenetics, and you've got experts in optogenetics who have no clue that they're routinely dealing with QM subjects such as 'wave-particle' duality, quantum tunneling, and semiconductor nanotechnology. Here is the abstract for a paper in J. Integrative Neuroscience "In this paper we argue that, in addition to electrical and chemical signals propagating in the neurons of the brain, signal propagation takes place in the form of biophoton production. This statement is supported by recent experimental confirmation of photon guiding properties of a single neuron. We have investigated the interaction of mitochondrial biophotons with microtubules from a quantum mechanical point of view. Our theoretical analysis indicates that the interaction of biophotons and microtubules causes transitions / fluctuations of microtubules between coherent and incoherent states. A significant relationship between the fluctuation function of microtubules and alpha-EEG diagrams is elaborated on this paper. We argue that the role of biophotons in the brain merits special attention. "
You got people right now making nanoscale integrated circuits using the DNA molecule as the scaffold and mounting electrically conducting carbon nanotubes to make up the electronics and they think they are making a CPU for a conventional computer. What if they mounted tubulin instead and tried making the CPU for an optical quantum computer.
In the future there will be quantum computing schools turning out experts in photonics, QM, optogenetics and cellular communication in biological living systems. Then maybe we will see some advancement on a quantum computer as big as a SUV.
Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 16th March, 2019

This link by Francesco Rizzo is astounding. The future of computing will be using matrices to solve complex differential equations like Schrodinger's equation in just one step! Can you imagine if this is being done at the speed of light in a quantum computer. Here is the full abstract: "Conventional digital computers can execute advanced operations by a sequence of elementary Boolean functions of 2 or more bits. As a result, complicated tasks such as solving a linear system or solving a differential equation require a large number of computing steps and an extensive use of memory units to store individual bits. To accelerate the execution of such advanced tasks, in-memory computing with resistive memories provides a promising avenue, thanks to analog data storage and physical computation in the memory. Here, we show that a cross-point array of resistive memory devices can directly solve a system of linear equations, or find the matrix eigenvectors. These operations are completed in just one single step, thanks to the physical computing with Ohm’s and Kirchhoff’s laws, and thanks to the negative feedback connection in the cross-point circuit. Algebraic problems are demonstrated in hardware and applied to classical computing tasks, such as ranking webpages and solving the Schrödinger equation in one step." 

Post in Quantum Computing on Facebook on 17th March, 2019

This paper Solving matrix equations in one step with cross-point resistive arrays involves memristors which basically uses the memory in electric current. Years ago Roger Penrose found quantum effects in microtubules. I posted a few days ago a paper about biophotons and microtubules "Our theoretical analysis indicates that the interaction of biophotons and microtubules causes transitions/fluctuations of microtubules between coherent and incoherent states." I have also come across theory that these microtubules act as optic fiber that enables light signals to pass to the various sections of the brain that gives the brain phenomenal parallel processing capacity. Electrical signals are too slow for signals to pass to widely separated parts of the brain for parallel processing. This paper about solving matrix equations in one step also involves parallel processing. What I would like to propose is that these 'quantum effects' that Penrose found and these "transitions/fluctuations of microtubules between coherent and incoherent states" actually are a form of memristor for light similar to the memristors in electric current. Here is relevant sentence from an abstract of paper <To facilitate cytoplasmic remodeling and timely responses to cell signaling events, microtubules depolymerize and repolymerize rapidly at their ends.> 

In vitro and in vivo analysis of microtubule destablizing kinesins

Post in Quantum Computing on Facebook on 19th March, 2019

Well I can't help thinking that these ultrashort laser pulses are what I call solitons, and their 'specially designed donut-shaped intensity profile' has got something to do with their geometric phase!!! <As a rule of thumb, it can occur whenever there are at least two parameters characterizing a wave in the vicinity of some sort of singularity or hole in the topology; two parameters are required because either the set of nonsingular states will not be simply connected, or there will be nonzero holonomy.> A donut-shaped intensity profile = singularity or hole in the topology!?

<Using ultrashort laser pulses, scientists printed optical microdisk lasers in thin perovskite films coated above a glass substrate. The produced perovskite lasers can be used in photonic computers of the future and more widely—to provide the operation of photonic circuits in ultrafast data processing systems.

"We used femtosecond laser pulses with a specially designed donut-shaped intensity profile. The direct impact of a low-intense pulse train on a thin halide perovskite film allows to imprint the disks with a diameter down to 2 microns. The imprinted disks have smooth facets while the femtosecond pulse processing ensures minimized thermal impact of the perovskite>

Read more at: Microlasers for photonic computing of future

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Demon in the Machine


In earlier blogs you will see is the essential problem for Neo-Darwinism is that there is only a 1-2% difference in DNA sequence between human and chimpanzee. At the molecular level, genome and proteins, the human and the chimpanzee are more similar than sibling species and yet the phenotype of human and chimp are so vastly different that taxonomically they are placed not only in different genera but in different families.

In his new book The Demon in the Machine, Paul Davies proposes that oncogenes may be responsible for differentiation of the species. Oncogenes are the genes implicated in the development of cancer cells as well:

<Another reason that evolution hasn’t eliminated cancer is because of the link with embryogenesis. It has been known for thirty years that some oncogenes play a crucial role in development; eliminating them would be catastrophic. Normally, these developmental genes are silenced in the adult form, but if something reawakens them cancer results – an embryo gone wrong developing in adult tissue. The writer George Johnson summarizes this well by referring to tumours as the ‘embryo’s evil twin’. Significantly, the early stages of an embryo are when the organism’s basic body plan is laid down, representing the earliest phase of multicelled life. When the cancer switch is flipped, there will be systematic disruption in both the genetic and epigenetic regulators of information flow, as the cells recapitulate the very different circumstances of early embryo development. This will involve both changes to the way regulatory genes are wired together and changes in patterns of gene expression. Our research group is trying to find information signatures of these changes. We hope it will prove possible to identify distinct ‘informational hallmarks’ of cancer to go alongside the physical hallmarks I mentioned – a software indicator of cancer initiation that may precede the clinically noticeable changes in cell and tissue morphology, thus providing an early warning of trouble ahead.>

It should be a simple matter to compare the oncogenes of human and chimpanzee and see if there are any significant differences that might explain how humans and chimps can be so similar in genotype and yet so different in phenotype.

In addition Paul Davies in his book tells about the massive electrical activity both in cancerous tissue and in embryogenesis:

<Altering the electrical properties of so-called instructor cells had a dramatic effect, causing the pigmented cells to go crazy, spreading cancer-like into distant regions of the embryo. One perfectly normal tadpole developed a metastatic melanoma entirely from the electrical disruption, in the absence of any carcinogens or mutations. That tumours may be triggered purely epigenetically contradicts the prevailing view that cancer is a result of genetic damage, a story that I shall take up later in the chapter. All this was remarkable enough. But an even bigger surprise lay in store. In a different experiment at Tufts University, devised by Dany Adams, a microscope was fitted with a time-lapse camera to produce a movie of the shifting electric patterns during the development of Xenopus embryos. What it showed was spectacular. The movie began with a wave of enhanced electrical polarization sweeping across the entire embryo in about fifteen minutes. Then various patches and spots of hyperpolarization and depolarization appeared and became enfolded as the embryo reorganized its structure. The hyperpolarized regions marked out the future mouth, nose, ears, eyes and pharynx. By altering the patterns of these electrical domains and tracing how the ensuing gene expression and face patterning changed, the researchers concluded that the electrical patterns pre-figure structures scheduled to emerge much later in development, most strikingly in the face of the frog-to-be. Electrical pre-patterning appears to guide morphogenesis by somehow storing information about the three-dimensional final form and enabling distant regions of the embryo to communicate and make decisions about large-scale growth and morphology.>

In my article The Evolution of Consciousness on this website I argue that the DNA is a semiconducting nanowire, and that communication in the nucleus of the cell is mediated by UV light aka biophotons aka optogenetics. Quite simply a semiconducting nanowire will emit UV light when the electrons in the conduction band fall back into their holes in the valence band. A recent study notes some curious facts about the electromagnetic properties of DNA. For example, link DNA is said to “zig-zag” back and forth between “stacks” of these mini-coils, while the histone cores of the mini-coils are reported to link with each other. There is said to be a “permanent dipole moment” between each mini-coil that generates “electric dipolar oscillation” between them. The capacity for mutual induction of electromotive force (emf) in the nucleosomal fiber would be virtually infinite. In addition, the current that has been detected in the nucleosomal fiber is “oscillating;” that is to say, it is an alternating current with frequencies between 2 and 50MHz.

In other words the genome is capable of generating its own electricity and this electrical activity mediates communication in the cell thru UV photons aka optogenetics.  We find that oncogenes play a prominent role in embryogenesis and cancer cells. It seems likely that these three processes are linked in a fundamental way: the oncogenes are directing the electrical activity to produce coherent UV photons to control embryogenesis, and corrupted oncogenes result in incoherent UV photons which sends out scrambled signals to the cells which results in cancer. Quite simply the proper program they run in embryogenesis goes haywire. Which leads us back to Paul Davies’ initial thesis in his book that all of life is information processing.


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splitting x rays

An article in New Scientist Quantum X-ray machine takes razor sharp pictures with less radiation explains how to split X-rays by passing them thru a diamond and then they can use the entanglement properties of quantum particles so that the photons in one stream will have the same quantum properties as photons in the other streams. They do this by directing the X-rays thru a diamond which is pure carbon. In my video above How to make a quantum computer I explain how the DNA is essentially made up of carbon interspersed with hydrogen nitrogen and oxygen atoms. The point is that the DNA presents essentially as a carbon based semi-conducting nanowire. It is suggested that this new research of splitting X-rays by shining them thru a diamond is essentially the same process as what is occurring in the DNA where biophotons (UV and visible light) are being split and redirected as part of quantum computing processes.

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook 1st March, 2019.

It's just dawned on me the striking similarities between the 'two-slits' experiment and the DNA Phantom Effect. They both involve an experimenter shining light thru an apparatus and observing the wave pattern that appears on a screen behind. In other words they both involve this fundamental mystery of wave-particle duality. I have just realized that in both experiments we actually get to 'see' the probability waves of QM. When you think of it all the wave theory of light based on Fourier maths is in the nature of probability waves. The wave nature of light is what 'probably' happens and then miraculously when you observe a photon you find wonder of wonders that is what actually happens. For instance photons don't spread out in all directions from a bright orb billions of light years away and then travel indefinitely in perfectly straight lines sinusoidal oscillating from -1 to +1 on a Cartesian grid with no mass and no energy thru a void and then arrive in perfectly parallel 'rays' into the retina of our eyes so we see a perfectly coherent bright orb. Real physical photons would surely be no longer parallel and would be entering our eyes at an angle and should have spread out. I could list another dozen mysteries about light, The bottom line is 'wave-particle' duality mystery is precisely mysterious because we actually 'see' the probability waves of QM (if the experimenter doesn't make an observation then the probability waves travel thru both slits). And in the same way the DNA Phantom Effect is 'nature' enabling us to 'see' that the probability waves of QM are also occurring in the DNA.

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 2nd March, 2019

This entanglement experiment in New Scientist raises some interesting questions for quantum computing. Two entangled photons were sent off to labs AO and BO. They were measured by another set of entangled photons AOTest and AOSystem and BOTest and BOSystem. Then the original photon and the AOSystem photons sent on to lab A1 and other original photon and BOSystem sent to lab B1. Researchers claim the observer at AI got different results from 'observer' at AO and observer at B1 got different results from 'observer' at BO. In fact the 'observer' at AO and BO was not a conscious experimenter and the conscious experimenter at A1 and B1 was either choosing randomly to measure either the original photon or the A1System or B1System and the conscious experimenter at A1 and B1 got consistent 'results' with each other in as much as they significantly differed from the measurements of the 'observer' at AO and BO. All this proves in my opinion is that there is only one measurement within the meaning of QM at the end of process. Presumably in quantum computing there will be an infinitely large number of interactions like this between entangled photons before some sort of a 'result' appears on the screen. If the assumption made in this experiment were correct that an observation within the meaning of QM occurs every time there is an interaction between two photons such that the state of one photon changes the state of the other and the result of that 'observation' can disagree with 'observations' further down the line then you may as well close up shop right now cos quantum computing will never be possible. What would have been startling if the A1 results were 100% consistent with the AO 'results' and the B1 results diverged significantly from the BO 'results'. Then we would have to demolish the Copenhagen school and poor old Niels Bohr would turn over in his grave.

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 2nd March, 2019.

Well I’ve figured out this question of ‘probability’ waves in light within the meaning of quantum mechanics. Light occupies a unique position in as much as a single photon is clearly a ‘particle’ within the meaning of quantum mechanics and yet we can actually see light thru our sense of vision in the macroscopic world. In other words we do not need a measuring instrument so see light. So in the macroscopic world Fourier wave mechanics apply which will predict how light travels with 100% probability. It is not necessary to square the Fourier integral with it’s complex conjugate (Dirac’s <BRA KET> in order to get a ‘real’ probability and nor is it necessary to normalize the integral. Because the probability waves in the normal Earth based macroscopic world have 100% probability they ‘appear’ real. You can actually see them and predict them with certainty. Then comes Special Relativity and most especially the position of the observer. Special relativity states the probability that objects travelling near speed of light will appear different to a stationary observer here on Earth. It also predicts that the clocks will stop in an object travelling at the speed of light. So to an observer here on Earth it will appear that light from a distant galaxy has taken 10 billion light years to get here according to Fourier wave mechanics, but from the point of view of the photon itself time is simply not a factor. From the point of view of the photon itself it has traversed those 10 billion light years of space instantly and it is as young and as fresh as the instant it was emitted. When it comes to observing photons in the microscopic quantum world, that is to say photons that we can’t actually ‘see’ and now need a measuring instrument to give us a result, then quantum probability rules now apply. I puzzled over that finding that light slows down to 15 miles an hour in a Bose-Einstein condensate. What does that even mean? Light travelling at 15 miles an hour. Then I realized that they didn’t actually ‘see’ the light travelling at 15 miles an hour. There was a probability wave within the meaning of QM that told them the probability that light would travel at 15 miles an hour at near absolute zero and there was a measuring instrument that gave them that ‘result’. The point I’m trying to make is that all wave theory about light are probability waves. But different probabilities apply depending on where you are and what you’re trying to do. I think anyone trying to build a quantum computer in a Bose-Einstein condensate will have to factor this in.

Post in Quantum Computing group on facebook on 2nd March, 2019.

Sorry to be doing all these posts but I got quite a bit to say and if you make these posts too long nobody reads them. For my first post we need a definition of entangled photons. These are photons for which, from their own point of view, no time has passed. Even if they are sent to the two ends of the universe from their own point of view no time has passed. So in that experiment the original entangled photons went from their generation point to labs AO and BO and on to labs A1 and B1 and from their own point of view no time passed and the only measurement took place at labs A1 and B1 and those measurements would have been identical. At labs AO and BO a new set of entangled photons were generated, a test photon and a system photon and the system photon was then sent on with the original photon. Also from the point of view of the system photon no time has passed. The only point in the whole system where time passes is the minuscule amount of time to generate the test and system photons. So the system photon is ever so slightly out of phase with the original photon. From the point of view of all photons no time has passed but when the measurements were made by the conscious observers at labs A1 and B1 their measurements differed slightly from hypothetical measurements that would have been made at labs AO and BO. The point being that there was no observation and no measurement at AO and BO by a conscious experimenter so in the system there was only one point of view – the point of view of the entangled photons themselves and for them no time had passed. The fact that the system and original photons are slightly out of phase only becomes a factor when the measurement is made by the conscious observer and that is why they got a slight discrepancy in results. We can now solve quickly the second issue. The photons operating in a quantum computer in a Bose-Einstein condensate only have their own point of view so for them no time passes cos they’re travelling at the speed of light. They’ll do what they do instantaneously. But if a conscious observer decided to open the can and measure the speed of those photons, the measurement would show that they’re travelling at 15 mph.

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 3rd March, 2019.

Before someone says to me wait a minute there are lots of particles that are entangled that aren't travelling at the speed of light I'm gonna head you off at the pass. Photons play out in the macroscopic world so you need an explanation for entanglement of photons in standard physics and that's special relativity. Atomic and subatomic particles that are entangled don't need an explanation cos they just form part of a multiparticle wave function and when you collapse the wave function to observe one of them you will automatically get the state of the other. That's just standard Copenhagen. I think in a quantum computer you will need both forms of entanglement. For instance you generate highly polarized (horizontal or vertical) laser entangled photons one of which reads the data and the other manipulates the nucleus of the hydrogen atom as well as pushing the electron of the hydrogen atom into the conduction band. When that electron falls back into its hole it will emit a single spectral line photon which will read precisely whether that electron is up or down. I think the laser light manipulating the nucleus and reading the data has to be polarized horizontal or vertical cos they constitute orthogonal vectors that will read 0 or 1 (up or down spin). And I think you're gonna be able to use the DNA molecule itself as the semiconductor. It's my belief that visible laser light will push the hydrogen electron only into the conduction band. So all you gotta do is direct the laser light at eight hydrogen atoms in the DNA molecule and you will get a reading in spectral line photons of an 8 bit binary number.

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 5th March, 2019.

In previous posts I described how I thought you can make a quantum computer by generating two entangled laser photons one of which could read the input data and the other is directed at 8 hydrogen atoms that would then emit spectral lines of an 8 bit binary number. In other words this would be a solitonic (solitary) wave packet consisting of 8 spectral lines that contains an 8 bit binary number. This soliton would have non-adiabatic non-abelian geometric phase that contains information. This could then go thru these holonomic quantum gates that would execute some sort of algorithm or program. It would be a very nice concept if at the end of that process the geometric phase of that soliton has been changed into a different 8 bit binary number that represents the result. It's my feeling that a quantum computer must execute an algorithm or a program instantaneously like Shor's algorithm. I don't see how you could have RAM in the conventional sense in a quantum computer. If you've followed my ravings up to now one more crazy thought won't hurt. I've got this crazy notion that that result is still entangled with the other laser photon that read the input data and it now changes the hard drive data. The only way this could be justified is if the entire computing process represents a wave function that does not actually collapse until a result appears on the screen for a conscious human computer geek to read and that computer geek actually forms part of the wave function as well. In other words a quantum computer conceptually is just a very sophisticated measuring instrument. All the mysteries that apply to measuring conventional quantum processes will also apply to that quantum computer. You will think I am crazy but Niels Bohr would be proud of me!

Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook on 8th March, 2019.

"One can recover the information dropped into the black hole by doing a massive quantum calculation on these outgoing Hawking photons," said Norman Yao, a UC Berkeley assistant professor of physics.

Berkely thought

<The trans-Planckian problem is the issue that Hawking's original calculation includes quantum particles where the wavelength becomes shorter than the Planck length near the black hole's horizon. This is due to the peculiar behavior there, where time stops as measured from far away. A particle emitted from a black hole with a finite frequency, if traced back to the horizon, must have had an infinite frequency, and therefore a trans-Planckian wavelength.>

This raises some nice issues about my new hobby horse about the probability waves of light. We'll take this as a pure thought experiment and assume that Einstein's field equations accurately reflect the fabric of space-time and inside that black hole there is some sort of 4-dimensional milieu that's accelerating. (the field equations are double differential equations) We drop a 3-D qubit that is stationary in there and then we measure the 'outgoing Hawking photons' that is to say we make an observation which collapses a wave function and we observe a photon in a particular state of polarization. We are entitled to surmise that that accurately reflects whether the 3-D qubit is now spin-up or spin-down in the 4-D space-time milieu. If nothing else it reflects the probability waves of all of physics. It's no more 'improbable' than the theory that light travels 13.5 billion years using 3-D Fourier wave mechanics at a constant speed thru 4-D space-time that is accelerating, and that this actually gives us the dimensions of a real physical universe.


Post in Quantum Computing group on Facebook 10th March, 2019

"and it's probable that there is some secret here which remains to be discovered" quote by C.S. Pierce at head of Eugene Wigner's article The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Physical Sciences. I don't think you are going to make a quantum computer without discovering that 'secret'. And the secret is (drum roll) all of calculus is in the nature of probability waves whether in the macroscopic or the quantum world. By virtue of Planck's constant we know that all of matter is composed of discreet chunks ie. all of the physical world is discontinuous. Yet so much of physics involves differentiating waves that are 'real' and can't actually be differentiated because they are discontinuous. Once you realize that all of calculus involves probability wave functions and the only difference between quantum and macroscopic waves is the latter have 100% probability and therefore appear real, then we solve the 'observation' question in quantum mechanics. The fact is all of the 'physical sciences' require an 'observer'. A scientist comes up with a hypothesis, does the math, then goes and 'observes' whether the hypothesis is true or false. Scientists don't realize that the 'observation problem' applies in the macroscopic world because they have collapsed a wave function that has 100% probability of predicting the outcome of the observation. 


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Demon in the Machine



Dear Professor Davies I have a few concerns which tends to make me doubt that the universe is physical, but it is actually a virtual reality. I am hoping that you can convince me that the universe really is physical because sometimes I think I must be going crazy. Although your new book claims that all of life is computer processing so maybe you have a few thoughts that the universe could be computer generated yourself.

  1. It seems to me that scientists explain all matter in the universe in terms of electromagnetic radiation. Atoms are just little ‘chunks’ of positive charge and negative charge and are invisible. Light is also electromagnetic radiation which just happens to be in a small band of frequency in the whole spectrum which would otherwise itself be invisible as well. So it seems to me that if an alien from another universe were to travel thru our universe it would see absolutely nothing at all. For an alien trying to see stuff in our universe would be like us trying to see or be aware of the mobile phone network.
  2. On the subject of other universes that mainstream scientists talk about a lot. May I ask you whether these other universes all come out of the same singularity that our universe came out of or were there multiple singularities that all did whatever it was they did at the same time and place to create all the universes. Also if there are multiple universes as so many reputable mainstream scientists believe, are these universes all superimposed over each other or are they all spatially separated. I have real problems with this because if they are all superimposed over each other then it seems to me that they all must be virtual, and if they are all spatially separated then they all must have different constants of nature in order to be different universes and I can’t for the life of me see how a particle in our universe could branch off into a different universe if it has different constants of nature. Also there could only be a limited number of different universes bordering our universe, so our particles might have to travel through whole universes in order to get to other universes further out.
  3. The Bible says in the beginning there was the Word. Scientists say in the beginning there was a word – singularity. The Bible says God created the universe in a rather improbable way, and the scientists say that the universe appeared in a rather improbable and physically impossible way. The Bible says three wise men came from the East and scientists say that the four fundamental forces separated off like the four horsemen of the Apocalypse before there was any matter for these forces to act upon. Sometimes I think scientists just rewrote the Bible and just threw in a few fancy mathematical equations to delude us into thinking that they knew what they were talking about. Kind of like the Catholic mass in Latin so nobody could actually understand it. I think someone must have said it, I couldn’t think of anything so clever, but the more unbelievable a theory is, the more likely people are to believe it.
  4. Then there is this vexed question of time. It seems to me that ultimately we find ourselves spinning around a bright light in the middle of nowhere. If you were some sort of superintelligence and you were going to design an illusionary world where pseudophysical robots could live and interact ‘as if’ they were physical, that would be the perfect way to do it. The robots would count every time they did a full revolution of that bright light and they would think a year had passed. In other words time is nothing but an illusion of human construct based on the speed at which we revolve around the sun.
  5. Related to the problem of time is the problem of gravity. It seems to me that gravity is purely a fictitious force. I seem to recall that Einstein himself said that at some stage. Science has other fictitious forces, principally the centrifugal force, so there is no reason why gravity can not also be fictitious. Indeed there are some distinct parallels to be drawn precisely between gravity and the centrifugal force. They both involve things spinning around things (sic). On the subject of gravity there is the vexed problem of Einstein’s General Theory of Reality. It seems to me for space’ to maintain its curvature every ‘point’ in space would have to double differentiate itself wrt every other ‘point’ in space at every ‘moment’ in time (perhaps every interval of Planck time – because if I believe in anything Science has produced, I believe in Quantum Mechanics).
  6. Which leads me to the vexed problem of quantum mechanics. The essence of quantum mechanics is if a physicist does the math and works out the probability that a particle will be in a certain state and then goes looking for that particle he/she will find it. The problem I have is I don’t understand how a virtual particle can integrate itself and then square itself to work out where it might probably be underneath a bell curve. And I really don’t understand how that same virtual particle has to perform essentially the same maths every ‘time’ it moves from point A to point B. And given the fact that ‘time’ and ‘space’ don’t actually exist as we know it at the quantum level, all the equations in quantum mechanics actually plug in the x,y,z coordinates of Cartesian space and the t for time. And indeed many of the most crucial quantum mechanics equations actually resort to Pythagorean geometry. I just can’t believe that right angled triangles actually exist in the quantum world nor that subatomic particles actually know the speed at which the Earth revolves around the sun so it can count off ten seconds in Earthly time. It seems to me when Einstein described entanglement as ‘spooky’ this is precisely what he was alluding to. At the quantum level things are not ‘physical’.
  7. Also light is not in the quantum world. We see light in the macroscopic world. We don’t need any measuring instrument to see light. But what are we actually seeing? Is light a particle or a wave? Obviously the light we see coming from distant galaxies must be a wave, precisely a sinusoidal wave, because it has to oscillate from +1 to -1 on a Cartesian graph in a perfectly straight line for 13.5 billion light years to come to us all the way from the Big Bang. I find it hard to believe that there is a Cartesian graph with +1 and -1 coordinates connecting us with the Andromeda galaxy, our nearest galactic neighbor, let alone galaxies at the ‘edge’ of the Universe. The other problem I have with light is here on Earth light rays spread out in all directions from a globe and yet all these light rays are perfectly straight. I don’t understand how we can see, how a sufficient number of photons will strike the retinae of our eyes, if these perfectly straight light rays are coming from a distant galaxy and spreading out in all directions. Surely by the time they got to planet Earth these light rays would no longer be parallel but would be travelling at an angle in relation to each other. A sufficient number of photons should not strike the retinae of our eyes for us to see a coherent twinkling, twinkling little star.
  8. I have real problems with Cartesian dualism as well. You will know that Descartes originally claimed that we have a mental ‘soul’ and a physical body. In modern terms this has been changed to the mind-body problem. We have a mind which is not physical and a body which is physical. As I understand it most scientists do not agree with Cartesian dualism. They invariably make the claim therefore that there is only physical matter and mental or spiritual things are impossible. Essentially they are saying therefore that consciousness is impossible because whatever else it is, it is clearly not physical. They are also saying that our dreams are impossible because they also are clearly not physical. So if you deny Cartesian dualism and opt only for physical, you have to deny consciousness and dreams. My problem is that I am more certain that I have consciousness and dreams than I am that the world is physical. I find myself also denying Cartesian dualism so I have to deny that there is anything physical, everything is of mental construct.
  9. Which brings me to George Berkeley, the Bishop of Cloyne. His claim that nothing exists unless it is observed by a conscious mind. Boswell had the temerity to ask Dr. Johnson how to prove Berkeley wrong, whereupon Johnson, an intellectual giant, said “I prove it thus” and went and kicked a rock. Boswell meekly observed that still it was impossible to prove logically that Berkeley was wrong. Berkeley was widely ridiculed at the time and ever since. Everyone said how absurd this is because that would mean that anything that was not being observed by a conscience mind would cease to exist. This of course was centuries before computers were developed, so all Berkeley could say in reply was that unobserved things continue to exist in the mind of God. Which brings to mind one of your earlier books about the mind of God and your most recent book that all of life is information processing. Of course if Berkeley had known about computers he could have just simply said that things not being observed will continue to exist as data.
  10. Finally there is the problem of Neo-Darwinism. Darwin’s famous book offered an explanation how finches on different neighboring islands had different shaped beaks, which is essentially a Lamarkian explanation, and Darwin actually explained the origin of nothing. From this humble origin (sic) a magnificent conjectural and unprovable edifice of pseudoscience has arisen which involves tens of thousands of research papers and countless books and articles, called Neo-Darwinism: the natural selection of adaptive phenotypes caused by random chemical mutations of genes. In the beginning was the Word – a primordial swamp. No talk about how the elements carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen actually managed to become a primordial swamp so they may as well have said in the beginning there was a singularity that resembled what we know today as a swamp. And the conjectures escalate exponentially from there. Which brings us to the current era with all our magnificent science and we have found that the human and the chimpanzee are more similar at the molecular level, genome and proteins, than sibling species and yet taxonomically they are placed not only in different genera but in different families, because of their profoundly different phenotypes. The fable of Neo-Darwinism has brought us to the point where I would sooner believe in the Book of Genesis in the Bible. And I am not even a Christian or a Jew!    
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