A new research paper has detected a "never-before-seen" waveform in the action potentials in the pyramidal neurons in the cortex of the brain which are believed to be modulated by neurotransmitters in the synaptic clefts of the dendrites which involve complex variations in the spikes of electric flux of both sodium and calcium positively charged ions. Previously the spikes were thought to be generated by typical all-or-none flow of sodium ions as the action potential propagates along the axon and were not graded in any way. This new finding indicates the waveform of the action potentials carry information which would enable the neural network to perform logic gate type processing like conventional computers. It is argued that as numbers don‘t exist in Nature it is impossible for an organic computer to execute a numerical code, and the complex variations in amplitude and frequency of the waveforms indicate that the brain is an organic electronic device where the neurons are able to classify linearly non-separable inputs.
This paper is a reply to a paper ―Solving the "Hard Problem": Consciousness is an Intrinsic Property of Magnetic Fields‖. It is argued that this paper is essentially correct because it specifically nominates magnetite crystals (Biogenic Magnetic Nanoparticles BMNPs) as the source of magnetic phenomena in the brain and specifically founds this theory on Maxwell‘s electromagnetic equations. However the paper fails to arrive at the logical conclusion that consciousness is generated by electronics, that the brain is an electronic device, and that the brains of all living creatures are connected electronic devices. In the paper under reply, the description of electromagnetic processes in the brain (in particular the interaction of magnetic and electric flux) comes across as vague and inadequate. In addition the paper makes certain claims to have solved some of the ‗big questions‘ in life such as ―mind-body‖ dualism and solipsism which appear to be logically and philosophically invalid, and Schrödinger‘s famous question ― "What is Life?" and Gödel‘s theorem would need to be addressed in any paper that purports to solve the ―hard problem.
Abstract This paper presents a new and positive theory of evolution, as distinct from instancing certain unique features of the phenotype of whatever species, and asking the question ‘How could this come about by natural selection of random genetic mutations’.